Artistic Uses: The pleasant aroma and rarity of agarwood makes it a precious sculpting material. The Aquilaria tree is a fast-growing, subtropical forest tree, with a population range stretching from South Asia’s Himalayan foothills, throughout Southeast Asia, and into the rainforests of Papua New Guinea. Agarwood is a resinous substance formed inside agarwood trees that arises as a result of infection with a type of mold. Most commonly, the resin is known as Agarwood, Aloes wood, Eaglewood, Gaharu, Agalocha or Oudh (In Arabic). State-of-art processing: Depending on costumers’ requirements, the company will follow various technologies. Agarwood Plant. Re-live this tradition of great peoples and pamper yourself with some traditional perfuming with Sultanul Oud premium range of quality aloes. 99-20), A permit to cut is not required for registered plantations of non-premium species (DENR Memorandum, However, harvesting premium species plantations including species of Benguet pine (DENR Administrative, Existing naturally growing trees on private titled lands may be harvested by securing a SPLTP or Private, Transporting of Timber Products from Registered Tree Plantation (DENR Memorandum Circular No. The resin embedded wood is commonly known as aloes, aloeswood or agarwood. Soil And Climatic Conditions For Agarwood Farming: Agarwood generally grows well in hilly areas greater than 750 meters above sea level. Accompanying the maturation of incense culture is the rapid and successful development of the craft of incense utensils and tools. Harvesting (DENR Memorandum Circular No. From the perspective of current botany, four families of trees are known to produce agarwood, namely Thymelaeaceae, Burseraceae, Lauraceae and Euphorbiaceae. Incense and aloes, also known as agarwood, has received the same respect since the beginning of civilization. However, species of the genus Aquilaria are mostly known for the production of agarwood – it’s a fast growing, evergreen tree. “Fungal infection”: At the initial stage of fungal infection, the amount of resin formed is very small. Permanent objects and wisdom must endure the test of time and history; they stand for the entire mankind's common desire in pursuit of happiness and faith, bringing about physical and mental pleasure realized via the sublimation of virtues. The ancients examined agarwood through debates and competitions, evincing that comparisons based on real objects and accumulation of experience are the only ways of determining its quality. Concerning places of origin and quality, it points out that “Agarwood from Chenla (Khmer, today's Cambodia) is the best, Champa (Vietnam) comes second”. The most … However, deducing from ancient Chinese incense literature, it is likely to be related to parasitic and nesting activities of insects and bees, which subject the scented wood to prolonged absorption of honey and milky substances that gradually blend with the resin produced from the tree, resulting in a lengthy process of transformation. Prior to infection, the heartwood is odourless, relatively light and pale coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin, called aloes (not to be confused with Aloe ferox, the succulent commonly known as the bitter aloe) or agar (no… This product usually used as a raw material for cosmetics, perfume, incense, and medicines. Haiwai Yishuo (An Overseas Leisurely Account) grades Kinam by its characteristic colours, with such categories as “warbler green”, “orchid formation”, “golden silk formation”, “sugary formation” and “iron formation”. Aloes, today, are the costliest of biblical scents. Aquilaria agallocha. Meanwhile, the life of the agarwood tree is brought to an end. It includes Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR), and recently Extinct (EX) species. “Insect attack”: Trees that are bitten and attacked by parasitic insects will produce resin for self-protection and healing, and agarwood will be formed as a result. Crafts, ornaments and furniture magically carved from rare fragrant materials such as agarwood have passed on this antique cultural heritage in a quaintly elegant manner. Agarwood, a high value commercial crop that is native to India, enjoys a good demand in both national and international markets. The wood is then to be used for incense burning in order to utilise its fragrant scent and plentiful odoriferous oil. India: Mainly graded as “Triple Super”, “Double Super”, “Super”, grades A, B, C, D and etc. Rs 35/ Piece Get Latest Price. Colonization and sea trade in 18 th & 19 th centauries has introduced several species of sandalwood from Pacific and Oceania to the Sandalwood trade. “Ripe formation”: Trees may wither and die of continual production of resin which leads to blockage of its canals. “Permanency” is an abstract concept beyond time and space. The ancients used the saying, “Good agarwood is particularly hard to obtain” to describe Kinam owing to the rare probability of its formation, which makes it all the more precious. The local climatic and soil conditions alter the chemotype (chemical composition) of essential oil in plants and make this essential oil most desirable. Ethnic ancestors from different faiths and cultural backgrounds have been using the most precious incenses for worshiping Heaven and Earth, paying respect to ancestors, communicating with and venerating the deities, all for exploring the continuation of life and the mystery of permanency. “Fragrance” obviously refers to the aroma, whose quality is of foremost importance given that agarwood is a scented product. The accumulated rich experience and wisdom in assessing agarwood have been recorded in books for future reference over the long history of development of incense application in China. Prior to … There was a popular ancient saying: “The nidanas from performing good deeds in three life-spans are rewarded with smelling the fragrance of Kinam in the present life”. “Shape” and “colour” are standards for assessment taking into consideration the shape, colouring, grain as well as the distribution of resin in a piece of agarwood. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. Agarwood or Gaharu as it is known in many Asian countries is a resinous heartwood that occurs in trees belonging to the genus Aquilaria. Nanfan Xianglu (Records of Nanfan Incense) from the Song Dynasty details various aspects for assessing agarwood ranging from its places of origin, quality, factors for formation, colours and textures to sinking condition. In addition, some modern scholars hold the views that it is caused by fungal stimulation that transforms the nature of the scented wood or by genetic changes in the fragrant trees. Its comments on the colours and textures of agarwood are that “The hard and black are the best, followed by the yellowish”. - This valuable and highly fragrant wood has been used in many ways for over two thousand years, especially as incense in Buddhist, Hindu, and Islamic traditional ceremonies, and as a … 99-, A duly accomplished Self-Monitoring Form (SMF) must be submitted to the CENR office before transporting, During the transport of harvested products from registered tree plantation, these shall always be accompanied, The vehicle owner has to accomplish a Certificate of Transport Agreement (CTA) from CENR, Marketing (DENR Administrative Order No. Large and intact agarwood pieces for creating sculptures are hard to find. When the tree is wounded and infected by a type of mold, the tree produces resin to aid in suppressing the fungal growth. Rs 30. It's permanent! It can be grown at rainfall between 2,000 and 4,000mm. The Aquilaria tree is a fast-growing subtropical forest tree that is endemic in the Philippines. Renowned as “the King of Agarwood”, Kinam is the best of all agarwood species and is known by numerous appellations – “Qinan”, “Kynam” and “Kannam”, while the Japanese refer to it as “Kyara”. A good fragrance is pure yet rich and permeating; it is far-reaching and enduring with delicate changes when burned. The hereditary wisdom of incense culture has carried through the ages, from generation to generation, and this continuity has benefited mankind. For instance, the Arabs and Indians were experts in extracting fragrant oil and balm; the ancient Egyptians invented perfume production; the Chinese applied a variety of incense and spices as medicine in treatments and regimens. The Oudh we source is artisanally distilled in Assam from Aquilaria Agallocha. (information provided by a member of the industry in India). All rights reserved. The tree is large and can grow to a height of 100 feet. Medicinal Uses: Medical and therapeutic usage of agarwood is well recognised. Xiang Sheng (A History of Incense) by Ming collector Zhou Jiazhou categorizes Kinam according to the conditions of its formation, such as “green formation”, “sugary formation”, “honey formation”, “raw formation”, “golden silk formation” and “tiger's skin formation”. It is formed in the heartwood of aquilaria trees when they become infected with a type of mold (Phialophora parasitica). This resin is dark, dense and aromatic. Towards the end of the last century, agarwood was listed as a potentially threatened speciesof plant by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Agarwood, also known as oud, oudh, agar, aloeswood, gaharu, jinko or lign-aloes, is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees (large evergreens native to southeast Asia) when they become infected with a type of mould. In the view of current botany, four families of trees are known capable of producing agarwood. There is a huge demand-supply mismatch. Chinese incense classics contains rich and detailed information about the places of origin, appearances and grading of agarwood. Apparently attaining its most aromatic state when in decay, the wood is sometimes buried in the ground to hasten the decaying process.. Agarwood, being the most expensive and demanding tree of the world, is facing a great threat. Oud Oil as the most expensive oil product on earth. Up till today, many of the Kings’ garments are fragranced in agarwood, replicating the practise of the kings of the ancient. contact 03001483333. The formation of agarwood is attributed to a complex web of environmental factors including the species of the tree, climate, soil, effects of fungal stimulation, position of formation, duration of formation as well as shape and size. Agarwood sapwood is one of the non-timber forest products (NTFPs) that have economic value and as an export commodity. 1999-20), On the disposition/marketing of timber products from registered tree plantation, there shall be no restriction. It was mentioned in the bible that Nicodemus brought “a roll of myrrh and aloes” weighing about 100 Roman pounds (33 kg), to be used in preparing for Jesus’ departure. Therefore, assessment still relies on the experience and knowledge of experienced members of the industry, and variations in grading systems may occur even within the same region, for example, between the levels of wholesaling and retailing. Get contact details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying Agarwood, Oud, Oudh Wood across India. Fulfilling all such criteria, the incense culture is a noble and elegant culture. Lauraceae: Trees in the Lauraceae family that can form agarwood mainly grow in central South America. Bora Brothers. It takes tens to hundreds of years for agarwood to be formed. Euphorbiaceae: Trees in the Euphorbiaceae family that can form agarwood are mainly distributed in the tropics. Tree Registration (DENR Memorandum Circular No. In modern times, Kinam is graded and categorised as “white Kinam”, “green Kinam”, “red Kinam”, “yellow Kinam”, “purple Kinam” and “black Kinam”. Besides, the mountainous regions in northern Binh Thuan Province in Vietnam are famous for Kinam production, with its local produce classified into the four categories of “white, green, yellow and black”. We are updating Agarwood, Oud, Oodh – Plant information frequently. It is known by various names in different cultures: it is known as “chenxiang”, “chenshuixiang” and “shuichenxiang” in Chinese; “aguru” in Sanskrit; “oud” in Arabic; and “gaharu” in Indonesian.