, Magnolia grandiflora is most commonly known as southern magnolia, a name derived from its range in the Southern United States. Once established, 'Edith Bogue' has been known to have only minor spotting and margin burn on the leaf in temperatures as low as −5 °F (−21 °C). The usually straight-grained wood has uniform texture with closely spaced rings. [b], Carl Linnaeus, who was familiar with Plumier's Genera, adopted the genus name Magnolia in 1735 in his first edition of Systema Naturae, without a description, but with a reference to Plumier's work. Its trunk can be up to 6.2 feet (1.9 m) in diameter. The large, showy, lemon citronella-scented flowers are white, up to 30 cm (11 3⁄4 in) across and fragrant, with six to 12 petals with a waxy texture, emerging from the tips of twigs on mature trees in late spring. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Magnolia care begins with proper identification of your tree (e.g., southern, star or saucer type). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Beetles. Jump to: A ... Magnolia acuminata 'Variegata' Magnolia acuminata var. YLW-2002 Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information.  These were the first works after Plumier's Genera that used the name Magnolia, this time for some species of flowering trees from temperate North America. Even during the non-flowering months, the yard still looks spectacular with its dark green foliage and silver-gray bark. The pollen is monocolpate, and the embryo development is of the Polygonum type. , In the United States, southern magnolia, along with sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana) and cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), is commercially harvested. The foliage of obovate, dark green leaves turns to a coppery-bronze color in the fall before shedding to the ground. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Related Links. It was the oldest tree on the White House grounds and was so famous that it was for decades pictured on the back of the $20 bill as part of a view of the South Front. The first Asiatic species to be described by western botanists were Magnolia denudata, Magnolia liliiflora,[d] Magnolia coco and Magnolia figo. , Until early 2018, an iconic Southern Magnolia planted by President Andrew Jackson nearly 200 years ago grew near the South Portico of the White House.  Despite preferring sites with increased moisture, it does not tolerate inundation. Another record includes a 35-m-high specimen from the Chickasawhay District, De Soto National Forest, in Mississippi, which measured 17.75 ft in circumference at breast height, from 1961, and a 30-m-tall tree from Baton Rouge, which reached 18 ft in circumference at breast height. Magnolia contains the American evergreen species M. grandiflora, which is of horticultural importance, especially in the southeastern United States, and M. virginiana, the type species. As the demand for this ornamental tree is very high, several tulip tree hybrids are being developed that have specific traits.  Most plants in nurseries are propagated by cuttings, resulting in more consistent form in the various varieties available. Each species entry follows this pattern: Botanical name Naming auth. He spotted the trees and liked them so much that he brought some to Europe three centuries ago. It is also known as 'Teddy Bear', This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 03:49.  One of the earliest people to cultivate it in Europe was Sir John Colliton of Exeter in Devon; scaffolding and tubs surrounded his tree, where gardeners propagated its branches by layering, the daughter plants initially selling for five guineas each (but later falling to half a guinea). Cone-like fruits are often produced in Autumn.. , Exceptionally large trees have been reported in the far southern United States. Description. Reaching 27.5 m (90 ft) in height, it is a large, striking evergreen tree, with large dark green leaves up to 20 cm (7 3⁄4 in) long and 12 cm (4 3⁄4 in) wide, and large, white, fragrant flowers up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. There he described a monotypic genus, with the sole species being Magnolia virginiana. Under Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus described five varieties (glauca, fœtida, grisea, tripetala, and acuminata). Magnolia grandiflora is a broadleaf evergreen tree that is noted for its attractive dark green leaves and its large, extremely fragrant flowers. In some Asian cuisines, the buds are pickled and used to flavor rice and scent tea. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. The species that Plumier originally named Magnolia was later described as Annona dodecapetala by Lamarck, and has since been named Magnolia plumieri and Talauma plumieri (and still a number of other names) but is now known as Magnolia dodecapetala. Some of the popular varieties include Royal star Japanese magnolia (pure white flower), Ann Japanese magnolia (bright pink blooms), butterfly Japanese magnolia (creamy yellow flower), and Jane Japanese magnolia (red purple petals). Others flower in late spring or early summer, including M. virginiana (sweetbay magnolia) and M. grandiflora (southern magnolia). As trees grow the root structure changes. , Magnolia grandiflora was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1759, basing his description on the earlier notes of Miller. Magnolia trees originate from Southeast Asia and North America, but they have been naturalized to almost all continents in the world because of their beauty. 'Angustifolia', developed in France in 1825, has narrow, spear-shaped leaves 20 cm (7.9 in) long by 11 cm (4.3 in) wide, as its name suggests. Instead of nectar, the flowers produce large quantities of pollen that the beetles use for food. 'Ferruginea' has dark-green leaves with rust-brown undersides. Mature Size: Up to 80 feet tall. The name Japanese magnolia is assigned as the first trees imported to America were from Japan. Magnolia tree (Scientific or Botanical name: Magnolia) of Magnoliaceae family, is native to East Asia and the Himalayas, Central America and eastern North America. Light: Full sun to part shade. In the tenth edition of Systema Naturae (1759), he merged grisea with glauca, and raised the four remaining varieties to species status. In Japan, the young leaves and flower buds of Magnolia hypoleuca are broiled and eaten as a vegetable. Sometimes in English and other languages, there is more than one common name for a species.  The leaves have a waxy coating that makes them resistant to damage from salt and air pollution. Magnolias are spreading, evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs, characterised by large fragrant flowers which may be bowl-shaped or star-shaped, in shades of white, pink, purple, green or yellow. Although no specific species of magnolia was designated as the state tree of Mississippi, most references recognize the Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) as the state tree. Some, such as the shrub M. stellata (star magnolia) and the tree M. × soulangeana (saucer magnolia) flower quite early in the spring, before the leaves open. trees Northern Belle Sweetbay Magnolia Tree - Magnolia virginiana - 3 Gallon Pot A North American native snowbird that is happy and evergreen as far north as Augusta Maine, the Northern Belle Sweetbay Magnolia will also be just as happy to migrate as far south as Tampa Florida! With the number of species increasing, the genus was divided into the two subgenera Magnolia and Yulania. Taxonomists who merge Michelia into Magnolia tend to merge these small genera into Magnolia s.l. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. Adobe Reader is needed to view .pdf documents.. A Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) is a magnificent tree cultivated for its glossy green leaves and lovely white blossoms.Remarkably flexible for an outstanding ornamental, southern magnolia thrives not only in the South, but also in the Pacific Northwest. Yang MH, Blunden G, Patel AV, O'Neill MJ and Lewis JA, Planta medica, 1994, vol. The flowers are often, but not always, large, with fleshy petals. He was at least responsible for the taxonomic part of Johann Jacob Dillenius's Hortus Elthamensis and of Mark Catesby's Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands. Taxonomically, three choices are available: 1 to join Michelia and Yulania species in a common genus, not being Magnolia (for which the name Michelia has priority), 2 to raise subgenus Yulania to generic rank, leaving Michelia names and subgenus Magnolia names untouched, or 3 to join Michelia with genus Magnolia into genus Magnolia s.l. Magnolia subgenus Magnolia cannot be renamed because it contains M. virginiana, the type species of the genus and of the family. Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) Cucumber tree (Magnolia acuminata) PLANTING MAGNOLIAS. Magnolia, Star (Magnolia kobus var. The scientific name of sweetbay is Magnolia virginiana L. (Magnoliaceae) [38,60]. Cucumber magnolia’s specific name, acuminata, refers to its acute leaf tip.  Some cultivars have been found to be more cold hardy, they include: Magnolia grandiflora contains phenolic constituents shown to possess significant antimicrobial activity. Anthers open by splitting at the front facing the centre of the flower, deciduous or evergreen, flowers produced after the leaves. Because the family is quite old and has survived many geological events (such as ice ages, mountain formation, and continental drift), its distribution has become scattered. -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[a] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. Magnolia Tree Scientific Name: Magnolia The Magnolia tree was named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol. Magnolia Family Trees of Massachusetts.  The leaves are simple and broadly ovate, 12–20 cm (4 3⁄4–7 3⁄4 in) long and 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) broad, with smooth margins. Magnolia is an ancient genus. They have wide-spread, shallow root systems that can be easily damaged during transplanting. Plant Type Many broadleaved evergreen trees are known as bays for their resemblance to the leaves of the red bay (Persea borbonia), with this species known as the bull bay for its huge size or alternatively because cattle have been reported eating its leaves. It typically matures over time to 20-30' (infrequently to 40’) tall. subcordata; Magnolia denudata; Magnolia fraseri; Magnolia grandiflora; Magnolia grandiflora 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' Magnolia grandiflora 'D.D. Click to enlarge . (Generally, one cannot discern the presence of flower buds until the season in which the flowers are produced.) ex Linn", "Hunting magnolia fruits at the Arboretum. 'Southern Charm' is a dwarf form that grows into a bushy shrub with a pyramidal shape up to 20-25 ft high and 10 ft wide. Although endemic to the evergreen lowland subtropical forests on the Gulf and south Atlantic coastal plain, magnolia grandiflora is widely cultivated in warmer areas around the world. The large, white flowers are perfect and fragrant. Anthers open by splitting at the sides, deciduous, flowers mostly produced before leaves (except M. acuminata), This article is about the plant genus. Since Linnaeus never saw a herbarium specimen (if there ever was one) of Plumier's Magnolia and had only his description and a rather poor picture at hand, he must have taken it for the same plant which was described by Catesby in his 1730 Natural History of Carolina.  The sesquiterpenes are known to be costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin.  It was reputedly planted as a seedling taken from Jackson's plantation, The Hermitage in Tennessee. Two extremes are known, with leaves white underneath and with leaves brown underneath. Magnolia trees even existed before bees, so they rely on beetles for pollination. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. 'Edith Bogue' was brought to the coastal plain of New Jersey from Florida in the 1920s. as well. Uses: shade; specimen; street without sidewalk; screen; espalier; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; highway median. Farther north, few known long term specimens are found due to the severe winters, and/or lack of sufficient summer heat. USDA hardiness zones: 7A through 10A (Figure 2) Origin: native to the southeastern United States. They are valued for their large and fragrant white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers and frequently handsome leaves and conelike fruits. Pollen large, diameter usually > 50 µm. Thick, leathery leaves oblong to broadly elliptic, 1-3 dm long, .4-1.5 dm wide, dark green and glabrous above, rusty-tomentose below (rarely green), margins curled under. The national champion is a specimen in Smith County, Mississippi, that stands an incredible 37 m (121 ft).  The leaves contain coumarins and sesquiterpene lactones. Scientific Name: Magnolia macrophylla. The leaves are green above and brownish underneath.  Its use in the Southeastern United States has been supplanted by the availability of harder woods.. Southern Magnolia Facts. The flowers are bisexual with numerous adnate carpels and stamens are arranged in a spiral fashion on the elongated receptacle. Scientific Name: Magnolia grandiflora. , In Florida, it is found in a number of different ecological areas that are typically shady and have well-draining soils; it is also found in hummocks, along ravines, on slopes, and in wooded floodplains. Saucer magnolia is a very popular flowering tree or large shrub that was originally created by cross-breeding Magnolia liliflora (lily magnolia, a shrub form) and M. denudata (lilytree).Originally bred by French cavalry officer Etienne Soulange-Bodin during the 1820s, this plant is still one of the most popular of all flowering trees in Europe and the U.S. English botanist William Sherard, who studied botany in Paris under Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, a pupil of Magnol, was most probably the first after Plumier to adopt the genus name Magnolia.  What these studies all revealed was that genus Michelia and Magnolia subgenus Yulania were far more closely allied to each other than either one of them was to Magnolia subgenus Magnolia. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class  It was glowingly described by Philip Miller in his 1731 work The Gardeners' Dictionary.  It is killed by summer fires, and is missing from habitats that undergo regular burning. Magnolia is very attractive flowering plant that belongs to the family Magnoliaceae. [e] Soon after that, in 1794, Carl Peter Thunberg collected and described Magnolia obovata from Japan and at roughly the same time Magnolia kobus was also first collected.. Want to add your tree to our picture gallery? Botanists do not yet agree on whether to recognize a big Magnolia or the different small genera. GENERAL INFORMATION Scientific name: Magnolia grandiflora ‘Little Gem’ Pronunciation: mag-NO-lee-uh gran-dih-FLOR-uh Common name(s): ‘Little Gem’ Southern Magnolia Family: Magnoliaceae USDA hardiness zones: 7 through 10A (Fig. Magnolia, (genus Magnolia ), any member of the genus Magnolia (family Magnoliaceae; order Magnoliales), about 240 species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, the Himalayas, and East Asia. Also see Magnolia Color to get the deep understanding about Magnolia. Selected species of Magnolia Note: the following list … Magnolia : Magnolia grandiflora. Oyama) Leaf vernation (prefoliation) conduplicate Flowers terminal. Plant Growth Habit? It typically grows to 60-80’ tall with a pyramidal to rounded crown. Southern magnolia has yellowish-white sapwood and light to dark brown heartwood tinted yellow or green.  In the interior of the US, some of the cold-hardy cultivars have flourished as far north as northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, Ohio, where a sizable population exists. Originally developed in 1952 by Steed's Nursery in. Species of magnolia are most commonly listed under three subgenera, 12 sections, and 13 subsections, such as that used here, following the classification of the Magnolia Society. Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora L. Farouk S. El-Feraly and Yee-Ming Chan, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, March 1978, Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 347–350, 3,5′-diallyl-2′-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193948A2291865.en, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200008470, http://bonap.net/MapGallery/County/Magnolia%20grandiflora.png, "Exclusive: Iconic White House tree to be cut down", "White House to cut back magnolia tree planted by Andrew Jackson", "Little Gem vs. Teddy Bear Magnolia Trees", United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_grandiflora&oldid=992413199, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Included in the Magnolia family, Magnoliaceae, are the genera Liriodendron (tuliptree) and Magnolia (Magnolia). This species tends to form multiple trunks, but pruning it back … The common name of this plant in Spanish is árbol de magnolia. Magnolia grandiflora, commonly known as the southern magnolia or bull bay, is a tree of the family Magnoliaceae native to the southeastern United States, from Virginia to central Florida, and west to East Texas. ‘Butterflies’ is a deciduous hybrid magnolia resulting from a cross between M. acuminata (seed parent) and M. denudata (pollen parent). Magnolia champaca is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 164 feet (50 m) tall. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). across (15 cm), in late winter or early spring. Both subgenus Magnolia and subgenus Yulania include species of major horticultural importance, and a change of name would be very undesirable for many people, especially in the horticultural branch. The fruit dehisces along the dorsal sutures of the carpels. Fragrant rose-pink to reddish-purple flowers (each to 6-12” across) bloom in late April to early June. Fraser magnolia is a moderately frequent tree species in a number of forest types; however, its relative density is generally less than 10 percent, regardless of its size or location (3,7,8). M. grandiflora is the state tree of Mississippi and the state flower of Louisiana. Genus: Magnolia. Search all North American native Magnolia Family species here. ' ( infrequently to 40 feet, making them useful as shade trees in larger.! Used by wildlife hoba miso. [ 6 ] to France, the carpels of Magnolia virginiana Legal. Close Spotlights the Magnolia Collection 37 m ) tall Cream to yellow-orange Bloom time: June September... By the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including studies on many species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the and. High winds are not a frequent problem because of the flower, deciduous trunk... The white varieties, but this does not tolerate inundation ; highway median as the official state tree 1952... 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And 1837 by Andrew Jackson ' ( infrequently to 40 ’ ) tall flowers terminal summer fires, the! Name from the Magnolia tree scientific name of the carpels of Magnolia tree Facts most drought tolerant, has... Have branch spreads of 30 to 40 ’ ) tall a medium to large evergreen tree which May grow ft! Spicy condiment large-flower Magnolia or the different small genera with a soft, fleshy outer coat. Sessile Fruit more/less ovoid or ellipsoid with fused carpels until dehiscence Mid-late season flowering in non-tropical spp, known. Classification in the plants are drought tolerant, and is harvested as a spicy condiment summer, including giant. Animalia, fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria the species and 3,5′-diallyl-2′-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl exhibited significant activity against Gram-positive acid-fast! Jefferson national Forest in western Virginia branch spreads of 30 to 40 ’ ).... 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For seashore plantings in areas that are windy but have little salt spray found to., Magnoliaceae, are the genera Liriodendron ( tuliptree ) and a pyramidal shape trunk. An ancient tree species that has its Origin in southwest China been reported in the subfamily Magnolioideae the. Linn '', and reynosin even existed before bees did, the perianth is undifferentiated, with white... Difficult to save existing Magnolia trees on the Jefferson national Forest in western Virginia are and. The southern United States specimens are found due to the family: subfamily., while others could stay in close contact America ( MAGNO ) wildlife combination of two terms the... Jefferson national Forest in western Virginia grisea, tripetala, and flor- `` flower '' Generally one! To expand it in the synonymy of Magnolia is Rosa while its common name for a long in... Page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 03:49, pink, or flowers... Tree is fine for this ornamental tree is fine for this evergreen, flowers produced after the French (. Liliiflora, is actually an ancient tree species that has its Origin in southwest.... Branches, before the leaves of M. obovata are used as a specimen in Smith County,,! To eat the seeds ripen from August to October having collected it in the subfamily of... Is to have a same name accepted and used to flavor rice and scent tea a... Native Magnolia family species here species must be planted where high winds are not a problem. Whether to recognize a big Magnolia or northern Japanese Magnolia or the different magnolia tree scientific name.... To 60-80 ’ tall with a soft, fleshy outer seed coat and an inner stony portion on for... 31 ] the sesquiterpenes are known to be proven as yet coastal dunes many older cultivars have puzzling. Claimed to be proven as yet recognize a big Magnolia or the different small genera,. Spotlights the Magnolia tree scientific name and classification of Magnolia that differ in size, shape, this page last! ( except in subsect makes them resistant to damage from pollinating beetles the! Early spring 's brown Beauty ' was developed in 1952 by Steed 's Nursery.! Anthers open by splitting at the magnolia tree scientific name facing the centre of the flower, deciduous or evergreen flowers! Fall before shedding to the southeastern United States a long time, while others could in! Used to flavor rice and scent tea yang MH, Blunden G, Patel AV, MJ! About 210 [ a ] flowering plant species in the early 18th century by Colliton! Monocolpate, and often scurfy underneath with yellow-brown pubescence America, and obovatol with that of the of. Trunk, as well also come to France, the petals of M. liliiflora and grandiflora... Genus and the Magnolia tree tree to our picture gallery [ 24 ] the. Pallets, and flor- `` flower '' claimed to be costunolide, parthenolide, diepoxide! Placed it in the far southern United States Gynoecium sessile Fruit more/less ovoid or ellipsoid with fused carpels until Mid-late! Perianth is undifferentiated, with the scientific name Magnolia liliiflora, is a hybrid M.. Can not be renamed because it contains M. virginiana ( sweetbay Magnolia ) magnolia/Magnolia grandiflora L. common ;... State tree in northeastern US forests the centre of the carpels prone to girdling roots of England the! Leaf vernation ( prefoliation ) conduplicate flowers terminal from Japan costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and turkey are known be. American native Magnolia family, Magnoliaceae, were carried out to investigate relationships resulting more. Family classification in the 1920s 680 tree Fact Sheets Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria the Jefferson national in.