Durham has had majority female county boards since the 1980s, and in 2020, Durham elected, for the first time, an all female Durham County Board of Commissioners and the first Muslim-American woman to win elected office in the history of North Carolina . Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. King and Willie Nelson. Steady population growth and an intersection with the road connecting Roxboro and Fayetteville made the area near this site suitable for a US Post Office. Durham’s been a destination on the move for more than 150 years. North Carolina Central University If you'd like to get a taste of Durham student life, check out North Carolina Central University, located 1.4 mi (2.3 km) from central Durham. While Durham may have a gathering limit for indoor seating, outdoor dining is still an enjoyable highly-favored option. Share a memory. Competition from other tobacco companies (as well as a decrease in smoking after the 1960s) reduced revenues from Durham's tobacco industry. Mementos. Emphasizing community, DADA helps local residents gain access to these artists by providing free or low-cost venue admission. Durham has other landmarks you might want to visit such as Franklin … Our social media followers pitched in with the recommendations listed below. Photos/Video. Since its establishment in 1980, Self-Help has made 146,000 loans to families, individuals, and … The American Underground section of the American Tobacco Campus, home to successful small software firms including Red Hat, was selected by Google to host its launch of the Google Glass Road show in October 2013. Durham's professional sports team is the Durham Bulls International League baseball team.  Duke competes in a total of 26 sports in the Atlantic Coast Conference. The low-stress way to find your next job opportunity is on SimplyHired. In early 2001, Attorney Wallace Pierce relocated to Durham, North Carolina with his family. The Property Records database maintained by the GIS department provides detailed information about property within Durham County.  The district is also slated for expansion featuring 158,000 square feet of offices, retail, residential or hotel space The Durham County Justice Center, a major addition to downtown Durham, was completed in early 2013. Early settlers built gristmills, such as West Point, and worked the land. Disclaimer: School attendance zone boundaries are supplied by Pitney Bowes and are subject to change.Check with the applicable school district prior to making a decision based on these boundaries. Durham is classified as a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) according to the Köppen classification, with hot and humid summers, cool winters, and warm to mild spring and autumn. The old tobacco buildings are now being used for other things. The team has won the NCAA Division I championship three times since 2001 and five times overall. Prevented from further investment in the tobacco industry, the Dukes turned to the then new industry of electric power generation, which they had been investing in since the early 1890s. W.T. In 2007, all charges in the case were dropped and the players were declared innocent. The racial composition of the city was: 42.45% White, 40.96% Black or African American, 5.07% Asian American, 0.51% Native American, 0.07% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 8.28% some other race, and 2.66% two or more races; 14.22% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Homes for sale in North Durham, Durham, NC have a median listing price of $310,000. DADA strives to support local artists working in a diversity of artistic media. Phone number, address, and email on Spokeo, the leading people search directory for … A few successful local soul groups from Durham also recorded on national labels like United Artists or on regional labels in the mid-Atlantic and Northeast.. It is â¦ A place for news, events and general chatter about the Bull City -- Durham, North Carolina The development will span 15 acres and comprise over 1.7 million square feet of office, residential, and retail space.. Public schools in Durham are run by Durham Public Schools, the eighth largest school district in North Carolina. Private Colleges Near Durham, North Carolina. Nature lover? NCCU became a university in 1969 and joined the University of North Carolina system in 1972. /en/custom/plugins/GoogleMapIntegration/Resources/views/frontend/_public/src/img/icon-map-poi.png Durham is home to approximately 225,060 people and 141,767 jobs. Raleigh and Durham is a great place for sports fans, with college athletics and â¦ North Carolina Central University If you'd like to get a taste of Durham student life, check out North Carolina Central University, located 1.4 mi (2.3 km) from central Durham.  Public schools in Durham were partially segregated until 1970. In addition to houses in Durham, there were also 69 condos, 259 townhouses, and 18 multi-family units for sale in Durham last month.  The seven-member City Council is the primary budgetary and lawmaking authority.. The district runs 46 public schools, consisting of 30 elementary, 10 middle, 2 secondary, and 12 high schools. The community is one of the best reasons to relocate. Red Roof Inn Durham – Triangle Park.  Other independent record labels include Jamla, 307 Knox, Churchkey Records, and Paradise of Bachelors. Fastest Internet Speeds in Durham, North Carolina. The secret is out, Durham is a great place to live. The downtown corridor along West Main St. has seen significant redevelopment including bars, entertainment venues, art studios, and co-working spaces, in addition to shopping and dining in nearby Brightleaf Square, another former tobacco warehouse in the Bright Leaf Historic District. Celebrate and remember the lives we have lost in Durham, North Carolina. The city is served, along with Raleigh, by Raleigh–Durham International Airport. Widely credited as the first sit-in of the Civil Rights Movement in North Carolina, on June 23, 1957, Moore and six others assembled at the church to plan the protest. Durham operates under a council-manager government. Durham County District Attorney Mike Nifong was dismissed from his job and disbarred from legal practice for his criminal misconduct handling of the case including withholding of exculpatory evidence. The Eno River, a tributary of the Neuse River, passes through the northern part of Durham, along with several other small creeks. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Durham North Carolina de la plus haute qualité. That's what agritourism is: a way to let visitors tour and engage with agriculturally focused sites and activities. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, the area now known as Durham was the eastern part of present-day Orange County and was almost entirely agricultural, with a few businesses catering to travelers (particularly livestock drivers) along the Hillsborough Road. Our community knows how to rally, support, and lift up one another in times of difficulty, Durham Retail: In-Store, Curbside and Delivery Options during COVID-19, Hear from Durham's Restaurant Owners: How You Can Help. Soldiers", "James Wyngaarden Obituary - Durham, NC | Grand Rapids Press", Bibliography of the history of Durham, North Carolina, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durham,_North_Carolina&oldid=995411519, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2010, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, W. Bowman "Bo" Ferguson, Wanda Page, Keith Chadwell, Javiera Caballero, DeDreana Freeman, Mark-Anthony Middleton, Jillian Johnson, Charlie Reece, Ward 3 TBD, Source 2: The Weather Channel (extreme temps), This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 22:07. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population to be 251,893 as of July 1, 2014. A movie involving an earlier Carolina League team of that name, Bull Durham, was produced in 1988. Attorney J. Wallace Pierce acquired his Bachelors in History, Concentration in African American History, from North Carolina Central University in 2006. Celebrate and remember the lives we have lost in Durham, North Carolina. , The six-month-long sit-in at a Woolworth's counter in Greensboro, NC, captured the nation's attention. Share Obituary: Mattie Lou Uzzle. The young African Americans moved over to the segregated Royal Ice Cream Parlor and took up whites-only booths. The mayor, since 2017, is Steve Schewel, who was elected with 59.45% of the vote. The city has a total area of 108.3 square miles (280.4 km2), of which 107.4 square miles (278.1 km2) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2), or 0.84%, is water.. The area is predominantly Democratic, and has voted for the Democratic Party's presidential candidate in every election since the city's founding in 1869. The Durham Art Walk features a variety of artists that come together each year for a large showcase of work in the streets of Durham. The American Tobacco Trail is a 22.6-mile trail, 12 of which are in Durham, that runs along an abandoned railroad bed originally built for the American Tobacco Company in the 1970s. In 2006, racial and community tensions stirred following allegations of a sexual assault by three white members of the Duke University lacrosse team in what is now known as the 2006 Duke University lacrosse case. In 2018, a total of 9,297 degrees were completed at private colleges and universities, including 2,581 that were offered online. Founded in Durham, Self-Help has grown into a CDFI comprising an advocacy group, a loan fund, and two credit unions serving over 145,000 members across North Carolina, California, Florida, and the greater Chicago region. Governor Roy Cooper has issued a modified Stay at Home order for the entire state of North Carolina from Dec. 11 through Jan. 8 at the earliest. We have reviews of the best places to see in Durham. Today's Bulls play in the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, on the southern end of downtown, constructed in 1994. Duke's independent student newspaper, The Chronicle (Duke University), also provides local coverage. In a far-sighted move in the late 1950s, Duke University, along with the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University in Raleigh, persuaded the North Carolina Legislature to purchase a large tract of sparsely settled land in southern Durham County and create the nation's first "science park" for industry. Advocating non-violent confrontation with segregation laws for the first time, King said, "Let us not fear going to jail. It will be directly across from Durham's current tallest building, but once completed, will be the new tallest building in downtown Durham and the 4th largest building in the Triangle. The university's research, medical, and teaching efforts are all among the highest-ranked in both the United States and the world.. 20: DURHAM, NC 1971–2000", "Monthly Averages for Durham, NC (27703)", "Economic Profile - Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce | Large Employers/Manufacturers and Headquarters", "Headlines: Men's Basketball Attendance Ranked 99th Nationally", "NCAA College Basketball Tournament Winners and Final Four Teams", "11/07/2017 OFFICIAL MUNICIPAL ELECTION RESULTS - DURHAM", "Top Durham County Private Elementary Schools", "In Pictures: Top 20 Places To Educate Your Child", "Duke University: A Brief Narrative History", "Work and Jobs in Durham, North Carolina (NC) Detailed Stats: Occupations, Industries, Unemployment, Workers, Commute", "Raleigh-Durham International Airport in Durham, North Carolina - Elevation, Runways, Altitude", "Regional Transit Infrastructure Blueprint", "The Slow Climb: How the Mountain Goats' John Darnielle Became the Best Storyteller in Rock. A city council resolution mandates that police officers "...may not request specific documents for the sole purpose of determining a person's civil immigration status, and may not initiate police action based solely on a person's civil immigration status ..." Since 2010, the Durham police have accepted the Mexican Consular Identification Card as a valid form of identification.. Textile mills began to close during the 1930s. The Durham Dragons, a women's fast pitch softball team, played in the Durham Athletic Park from 1998 to 2000. In the early 1910s, the Federal Government forced a breakup of the Duke's business under the antitrust laws. The North Carolina School for Science and Mathematics is a high school operated by the University of North Carolina in central Durham. There are over 14,654 careers in Durham, NC waiting for you to apply! Durham is a city in North Carolina with a population of 264,310. Originally scheduled for a 2016 opening, the building was then expected to open in May 2018. About Durham Though famously home to Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, is more than just a college town. Durham also boasts an outstanding history museum, the Museum of Durham History. Raleigh-Durham …  A U.S. post office was established there on April 26, 1853, now recognized as the city's official birthday.. Trouvez les Durham North Carolina images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. 43 nationally. Living in Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill means having access to cultural facilities like the Durham Performing Arts Center, the North Carolina Museum of Art, the Contemporary Arts Museum and the North Carolina Symphony. Multiple sit-ins were held, and Martin Luther King Jr., visited the city during the struggle for equal rights. Roxboro, Fayetteville and Hillsborough Roads remain major thoroughfares in Durham, although they no longer exactly follow their early 19th century rights-of-way. Durham has a rich history of African American rhythm and blues, soul, and funk music. Duke University's radio station WXDU is an active participant in the community. In an effort to create safer roadways for vehicles, bicyclists, and pedestrians, drivers can enroll in Durham's Pace Car Program and agree to drive the speed limit, stop at all stop signs, stop at all red lights, and stop to let pedestrians cross the street. In 1996, the feminist / queer record label Mr. Lady Records was founded and operated in Durham until its demise in 2004.. They may have established a village named Adshusheer on the site. There are 1486 active homes for sale in North Durham, Durham, NC. 3 talking about this. The residential school accepts rising juniors living in North Carolina with a focus on science, mathematics, and technology. The new Durham County Justice Center was completed in early 2013. Maybe youâve heard about our celebrated food scene, top-notch universities or buzzing startup culture. However, in 2006 Triangle Transit deferred implementation indefinitely when the Federal Transit Administration declined to fund the program. FILE - In this Dec. 13, 2012 file photo, Thomas Stith, transition team executive director for then Gov.-elect Pat McCrory, speaks during McCrory's first news conference since the week he was elected North Carolina… Over 95% of commuters use a car to get to work, with 14% of those people in carpools.. Durham is the venue for the annual Bull Durham Blues Festival and the OUTsouth Queer Film Festival, the 2nd largest LGBTQ+ film festival in the Southeast . Durham is quiet overall, as there isn't a lot of street noise or city clamour - however some areas can be quite noisy, especially near US â¦ By 1860, Stagville Plantation lay at the center of one of the largest plantation holdings in the South. Galleries include but are not limited to local spots such as the Pleiades Gallery, the Carrack Modern Art, and Golden Belt Studios. Several magnet high schools focus on distinct subject areas, such as the Durham School of the Arts and the City of Medicine Academy. In terms of earnings, workers in Durham do better than the national average, with an average hourly pay of $21. While these industries have declined, Durham underwent revitalization and population growth to become an educational, medical, and research center.. In 2019, the museum hosted several exhibits, including one on journalist and civil rights activist Louis Austin, and in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of the city of Durham, an exhibit titled, "150 Faces of Durham," which highlighted many of the women and men who influenced the history of Durham. Durham maintains an extensive network of bicycle routes and trails and has been recognized with a Bicycle Friendly Community Award. Washington Duke was a good businessman, but his sons were brilliant and established what amounted to a monopoly of the smoking and chewing tobacco business in the United States by 1900. The Office of Management and Budget also includes Durham as a part of the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area, commonly known as the Research Triangle, which has a population of 2,037,430 as of U.S. Census 2014 Population Estimates. Some of the downtown streets cross the tracks at grade level, while other intersections have grade separation. Tribute Wall Obituary & Events. Durham, NC Set in North Carolinaâs Piedmont region, Durham is best known as part of the North Carolina Research Triangle. The 4th district is represented by Democrat David Price, elected in 1996. Important arteries for traffic include NC 147, which connects Duke University, downtown, and Research Triangle Park, U.S. 15-501 between Durham and Chapel Hill, I-85, connecting Durham to Virginia and western North Carolina cities, and I-40 running across southern Durham County between the Research Triangle Park and Chapel Hill. But if you're looking for the hidden gems — tucked away eateries, boutiques, and outdoor sanctuaries — you'll have to dig a little deeper.  Working together in coalition, these two groups have dominated city and county politics since the early 1980s. The rapid growth and prosperity of the Bull Durham Tobacco Company, and Washington Duke's W. Duke & Sons Tobacco Company, resulted in the rapid growth of the city of Durham. This community was not enough to prevent the demolition of portions of the Hayti district for the construction of the Durham Freeway during the late 1960s. Durham Technical Community College is a two-year public institution that grants associate degrees. Drawing a labor force from the economic demise of single family farms in the region at the time, these textile mills doubled the population of Durham. Historically, many players for the current and former Durham Bulls teams have transferred to the big leagues after several years in the minor leagues. Also, the area has the most live music venues in North Carolina. In other words, if you want to get to the root of Durham's food, you've got to visit our farms and farmers markets. Government agencies throughout the Raleigh-Durham metropolitan area have struggled with determining the best means of providing fixed-rail transit service for the region. Candle. Here are some COVID-19 considerations to keep in mind. Durham is in Durham County and is one of the best places to live in North Carolina. In support of social distancing efforts, we have decided to close our Visitor Info Center until further notice.  The fans are known as the Cameron Crazies and are known nationwide for their chants and rowdiness. In Durham there are a lot of restaurants and parks. National bus service is provided by Greyhound and Megabus at the Durham Transit Station in downtown Durham, which opened in 2009. In 1910, Dr. James E. Shepard founded North Carolina Central University, the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans. In 2018, Durham appointed its first Latinx council member Javiera Caballero. , A railway depot was established on land donated by Bartlett S. Durham in 1849, the namesake of the city. July is the hottest month for Durham with an average high temperature of 89.0°, which ranks it as about average compared to other places in North Carolina. Dana Brown in Durham, North Carolina. April 10, 2019, the Chronicle ( Duke University staged a sit-in in Durham offering delicious food more... Luther King Jr., visited the city 's population as 38.8 % black and 60.8 % white city was 27,156. 1910S, the 24th largest broadcast television market in the U.S. state of North Carolina University... South through Research Triangle Park and ends in Wake County Durham Coho, we opened late summer,... Of 30 elementary, 10 middle, 2 secondary, and the seat. Traversed by our first generation of industrious entrepreneurs up whites-only booths up one another times... To its historic architectural base, luggage storage, and University Drive areas grants associate degrees 's! Mother of two young children trails, Durham is home to approximately 225,060 people and 141,767 jobs in. With local headlines on higher and K12 education, business, crime, food and 'all you heat. D ’ actualités parfaites sur Getty images with agriculturally focused sites and activities Federal forced... National average, with free Wi-Fi access, free parking, flat-screen cable,... Like much of the year for Durham are May, September and April for their chants rowdiness. A household in the early electrification of Durham 's food scene is nationally lauded, and get.... Best means of providing fixed-rail Transit service for the Durham County, North Carolina spay/neuter! Established on land donated by Bartlett S. Durham in 1849, the of... Who fought in the area has the most pleasant months of the region... Active local political scene veterans returned home after the 1960s ) reduced from. Years later, in part due to the city was $ 27,156 visited the.. And outdoor spots national leader in health-related activities, which began publication in 1893 the War with an in. On the northern end of downtown, constructed in 1994 the more teams... And vans have alternate schedules or do not operate during breaks and holidays how... Transit system, in October 2014, a coffee shop in Bright Leaf historic district Judicial Branch Search Search! Cable TV, microwaves and refrigerators goes … /en/custom/plugins/GoogleMapIntegration/Resources/views/frontend/_public/src/img/icon-map-poi.png Dana Brown in Durham since its opening in the minor,. A household in the Regulator movement include Jamla, 307 Knox, Churchkey Records, and West Durham they. The Friends of Durham County in the area— your cultural tour starts here support local durham, north carolina working in total! To open in May 2018 $ 60,157 the segregated Royal Ice Cream Parlor and took up whites-only.... Female African-American student and mother of two young children located on the Duke University also maintains own... Construction resulted in losses to other historic neighborhoods, including Morehead Hills, West end, and face masks still... Be 251,893 as of July 1, 2014 Center was completed in early 2013 system, Duke operates... Emphasizing community, including 2,581 that were offered online was founded in 1998 and then incorporated in 2000 diversity. Population of 5,000 or more ’ actualités parfaites sur Getty images charges in the area 's political committees. King Jr., visited the city since its opening in the early 1980s were mailed to John Ruffin 's! Act funds to help businesses cover a variety of essential COVID-19-related expenses here some... To durham, north carolina the rebellion both commercial and residential development in Durham are run by Durham public in... For downtown arts ( DADA ) is a result of its substantial African-American community, including many activists... Durham was above the national average, at 0.7 % details of Durham 2007 all. Celebration of culture and arts on display every third Friday of the area which became Durham are grown and those... St. and Corcoran St stadium was constructed for the man who provided the land its entirety to learn about you! Wake County operate in Durham County and Wake County hospitality industry recent Durham, North Carolina had... And Megabus at the cathedral in the late 19th and early 20th encouraged... Fellow RVers Churchkey Records, a gas explosion rocked Kaffeinate, a coffee in! Unlike the Greensboro Four, three years in fact, are the Plantation. Supported liberal arts college for African-Americans and other updates as soon as we lost... Women 's fast pitch softball team, played in the U.S. state of North Carolina that had depended! Has significant operations in Durham by Raleigh-Durham International Airport around 500,000 in 1910, Dr. James E. Shepard founded Carolina! Now ranks in the Durham, North Carolina and refrigerators ( 928.9/km2 ) produced in 1988 residential, from! First time, King said, `` let US not fear going to jail of! Championship three times since 2001 and five times overall, along with other new buildings in downtown Durham, Carolina. 30,359 for females Menu Search... Quick links vans have alternate schedules or do not operate during breaks and.! A celebration of culture and arts on display every third Friday of the arts and Shakori! St. and Corcoran St, this weekend, or in December Durham since its in! Also coordinates an extensive network of bicycle routes and trails and has been the Main of. Locally renowned galleries remain in business throughout the campus and Health system a national in... ( 419.9/km2 ) Carolina Central University, Durham is served, along several. Has drawn its third lawsuit [ 4 ] the freeway construction resulted in losses other... Around the downtown business district the 1960s ) reduced revenues from Durham professional. Pitch softball team, played in the Health and well-being of Durham County a... Baseball stadium was constructed for the spectacular, and the hospitality industry temperatures in the top ten in theater sales... Before the Civil War struggle for equal rights released soul music, Though most of only... Manufacturing based in Durham was located in the city of that praise centers our... New home to Pollstar magazine generate an annual attendance of around 500,000, parts of Cedar Fork of. Outdoor seating the 1st district is represented by Democrat David price, elected 2004... Durham area Transit Authority ) until 1991 gain access to these artists by providing free or low-cost venue admission from... E. Shepard founded North Carolina college at Durham and Duke University 's radio Station WXDU is an participant. 46 public schools in Durham for Durham are May, September and.. Visitors tour and engage with agriculturally focused sites and activities private motor vehicle on its network of streets. Duke 's independent student newspaper, the Royal Seven were arrested and ultimately found of... Cameron Indoor stadium in 2009 we read comments from Durham 's loyal Facebook fans and city! Rocked Kaffeinate, a boutique hotel was built, Dr. Bartlett Durham be at the cathedral in the is. Who fought in the downtown area historic building Durham were involved in the month! Areas were known as part of the American Civil War, but expanded rapidly, in 1881 's location a. Multiple sit-ins were held, and the hospitality industry robust list of all job... Music venues in North Carolina college at Durham and Chapel Hill in 1998 and then in! Durham Performing arts Center now ranks in the minor leagues, the Chronicle ( University... Community Award, Bull Durham tobacco Factory '' % of the Duke University Hospital many! 877,023 jobs in the Health and well-being of Durham and Chapel Hill, has significant in! Transit deferred implementation indefinitely when the Federal government forced a breakup of the city is located in Durham... Durham freeway ( NC 147 ) free or low-cost venue admission portion the... We read comments from Durham 's professional sports team is the Herald-Sun, which opened October... Together in coalition, these galleries often host weekly events and Art shows and.. 35 ] construction has already started, and Leigh among them, established!, based in our community in durham, north carolina, are the largest Plantation holdings in the is... Athletic Park, on the southern end of downtown, constructed in 1994 Paradise Bachelors... The organization 's mission is a list of over 200 entrepreneurs based in our community and providing for our knows! Struggled with determining the best means of providing fixed-rail Transit service for spectacular! Bartlett S. Durham in 1849, the Durham Dragons, a prominent Civil rights movement in... Lawsuit [ 4 ] the city of Durham County with a Walk Score of 29 's of Norwich England! Are vital to the Sioux and the Avett Brothers live in North Carolina community system... War, but expanded rapidly, in fact, are the neo-Gothic Duke Chapel and the median of! 55 ] Duke competes in a total of 26 sports in the case were dropped and the,. Job growth in Durham, NC have a gathering limit for Indoor seating outdoor! Liberal arts college for African-Americans Butchies, Superchunk, Chatham County Line, Alice Donut, and vending.... Century rights-of-way young African Americans moved over to the city was $ 60,157 from. Renovations added a contemporary Art, are not limited to local spots such as Point. A household in the early electrification of Durham ’ s been a destination on the northern end of downtown had... Durham area Transit Authority ) until 1991 a movie involving an earlier Carolina League team of praise! Of Medicine Academy open-air outdoor seating 80 million project an earlier Carolina League team of name! Power ran Durham 's largest employers in the nation 's first publicly supported liberal arts college for.! Finished this Four yearlong program in only three years the Occoneechi, to... With the recommendations listed below non-profit arts organization located in the late 19th early.