Ecological consequences of Imperata cylindrica(cogongrass) invasion in Florida sandhill. English: Cogon grass Tagalog: Kugon. Gaffney, S.K. GRIN-Global. Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world. UF/IFAS Sites. Edibility Rating (3 of 5) Other Uses (0 of 5) Weed Potential : Yes It has been used in traditional medicines. About the Cogongrass Control Program The Cogongrass Control Program’s goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. It is native to Southeast Asia and is a widespread invader in manysubtropical and tropical regions with over 490 million hectares (1.2 billion acres) infestedworldwide. PPQ. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . Download a PDF of Field Guide to The Identification of Cogongrass, ANR â 1349. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer ARS. Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica . Common Names. Join the cogongrass eradication team in Georgia and be a part of protecting our state's forest and wildlife habitat. It spreads rapidly through scaly rhizomes and quickly becomes difficult to manage. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as an Economical and Environment Friendly substitute for Carboard, Food Packaging, for Souvenirs, etc / Source: Angel Ann M. Concepcion Justine Ace York C. Barnardo / Dept of Science and Technology (15) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) roots as a potent agent in lowering uric acid / Google Doc USDA. English. Adrianna. This common Scottish surname is derived from a patronymic form of Hendry or Henry. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine. APHIS. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: alang-alang English ? Common Name: Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass: Family: Poaceae or Gramineae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Open sandy habitats, usually by a river or the sea shore in Europe. Imperata cylindrica (family Poaceae) is a perennial rhizomatous grass commonly known ascogongrass or speargrass. Imperata cylindrica, a few key facts. Johnson, and D.G. (1792) Imperata arundinacea var. The leaves are about an inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a … Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas: Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica; UF/IFAS Publications. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Cogon grass grows 0.6â3 metres (2â10 feet) tall and has roots that can reach more than 1 metre (3.3 feet) long. The world’s worst weeds: Distribution and biology. Serv. 2007), Forms dense stands that crowd out native species (Lippincott 1997). Because of cogongrass' impact on agriculture and forest industries, Congress has given APHIS funding to partner with Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina to control the spread of this weed. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure youâre on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browserâs address (or âlocationâ) bar. Evans, H.C. 1991. Now each part in an assembly will have its associated common name in a column next to the part name. This cute moniker originates from Adriatic sea region and it means dark. For questions about accessibility or to request accommodations, contact Extension Communications and Marketing at 334-844-5696 or email@example.com . Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. N.C. This grassy weed spreads by seed and vegetatively. In addition to cogongrass, it goes by other common names: alang-alang, blady grass, kunai, paillotte, and santintail. Leaves are 1 to 4 feet long and pointed. Infrequently flowers in northern parts of its growing region but flowers freely in tropical areas. University of Florida. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Range: E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea. As the season progresses, the foliage becomes more and more red, glowing nearly all-red in the fall. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Cogongrass, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Cogongrass. Though it has an English origin, it is derived from the Greek or Latin name Hillary, which means âWho â¦ The Cogongrass Control Programâs goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. Clemson University (South Carolina). Most web browsers display a warning message when connecting to an address that does not match the common name â¦ Cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot COMMON NAMES: cogongrass, blady grass, santintail, alang-alang, kunai, paillotte NATIVE RANGE: Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan DESCRIPTION: Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass (Poaceae) that grows approximately 2 to over 4 feet in height. Biological control of tropical grassy weeds, pp. Family Poaceae . Common Names. Common names are from state and federal lists. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 16" long panicle that branch out into racemes. europea Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. Most girls with this name have a beautiful dark skin tone. Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. Cogon grass showed to be more tolerant to Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass. To date, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas have on-going research, education and/or control programs that are supported by university, state and federal agency cooperators. cogon grass preferred. About the Cogongrass Control Program. Some of the most widely recognized of these are blady grass, alang-alang, lalang, cogon grass, and speargrass. Family Poaceae . Herb: Cogongrass. Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources, National Invasive Species Information Center, review and comment on this environmental assessment, New Cogongrass Fact Sheet Available (2018). USDA. Evans, H.C. 1987. Cogon grass, cotton wool grass, silver spike, sword grass, ialang, lusanke (Luganda), mtimbi (Kiswahili), ol'ungu (Maasai) ), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive C 4 perennial grass that has become one of the most serious invasive species in Florida and other Gulf Coast States (MacDonald, 2004; Onokpise et al., 2007). (1840) Imperata angolensis Fritsch (1901) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. Moorehead, D.J., C.T. United States: cogongrass. In doubt: East Africa (Evans 1987, 1991); Southeastern Asia; (Holm et al. Cogon grass is an invasive grass species that is tall and coarse and grows in the tropics and subtropics. Pancho, and J.P. Herberger. English Boys Names: Most Popular Names for Boys in England from Namipedia, the Baby Name Wizardâs naming encyclopedia. All work will … It has green leaf blades and rarely flowers. Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world. Cultivars of cogongrass are sometimes sold under the common name "Japanese blood grass." APHIS invites the public to review and comment on this environmental assessment by April 1, 2020. The researchers refer to it as “Cogoflex,” a name derived from the combination of Cogon Grass & Hardieflex. cogon grass; Other Scientific Names. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Miller (Eds. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture. The flowers are silky panicles, 1 to 8 inches long appearing from February to May. The Common Names of Plant Diseases lists have been prepared by authorities on the given plants and include approved common names, along with the associated pathogens or causes. Some species of grasses with blades that are sharp enough to cut human skin (this is because they contain many silica phytoliths, a hardening material in many plants.The sharp blades help to discourage herbivores from grazing (also protecting the grasses around it)), including: Gahnia species; Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass) 53. Red cogongrass is beautiful grass, but one to be used with care in the landscape. This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States.Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. This Taiwan common name originates from the Chinese. In: F.W.G. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. Imperata cylindrica is listed as one of the top tenworst weeds in the world and even though it is on the U.S. Federal NoxiousWeed List (7CFR, 360.200), the cultivar I. cylindrica 'Red Baron' (Japanese blood grass) isexcepted. 1797. pronounced: im-per-AH-tuh sill-IN-drik-uh (Poaceae â the grass family)common names: cogon grass, blady grass, satintail. PhD dissertation, University of Florida. Cogongrass distribution and spread prevention (PDF | 213 KB). Forest Health Program. Stems solid, rather slender; nodes glabrous or bearded. It is native to Korea, Japan, China, India, and tropical eastern Africa. Recognized by Conabio. U.S. Dept. The common name of this species commemorates the British ornithologist Claude Henry Baxter Grant. 04/19/2017 04/19/2017 MSA Arabic 4 Comments arabic names, arabic vocabulary, lists, names Here is a list of common Arabic Male Names and a list of common Arabic Female Names . Smithsonian Institution. Cogongrass Biology and Management in the Southeastern U.S. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - Fact Sheet: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Cogongrass, Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) -, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Cogongrass, Cogongrass: Help Needed to Destroy This Nuisance Weed in Alabama (PDF | 849 KB), Alabama Program Brochures, Fact Sheets Handouts, and Reports, Forest Health - Invasive Plants: Cogongrass, Arkansas Invasives - Cogongrass in Arkansas, Cogongrass in the United States: history, ecology, impacts, and management, Cogongrass distribution and spread prevention (PDF | 213 KB). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. More Plucknett, J.V. Cogongrass. In some cases, it has completely taken over pastures so that it is the only species present. Weed Technology 737-743. Shilling. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Going to the ‘kugon’ – it actually refers to a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. IFAS. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Imperata cylindrica - Cogon Grass -- Discover Life Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Common Name: Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass Scientific Name: Imperata cylindrica Identification: Cogongrass is an aggressive perennial grass reaching 1 to 5 feet in height. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Leaves: flat, linear-lanceolate, 20 to 50 cm long, and 5 to 9 mm wide. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica Beauv. Hill is the 36th most common last name in England. It is undeter… Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine. Fungal pathogens of some subtropical and tropical weeds and the possibilities for biological control. University of Florida. The 25 most common surnames in Britain - and what they say about your family history. The collatorâs or collatorsâ names and the date each list was created or updated are provided with the list. Baker and P.J. With more than 10,000 species, the grass family, Poaceae, is one of the largest families of flowering plants. The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. Google. The stem is moderately stout. cogongrass preferred. It is frequently sold across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is widely available over the Internet for ornamental use. blady grass prefer. Recognized by USDA PLANTS images, Wikidata, and USDA Plants data. Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass was accidentally introduced into the United States as packing material in an orange crate that arrived in Grand Bay, Alabama, in 1912. • Phytoremediation / Lead: Study showed carabao grass as a potential phytoremediator, absorbing small amounts of Pb in soils. National Genetic Resources Program. In: N.J. Loewenstein and J.H. Lippincott, C.L. About Cogongrass. 1998) and for erosion control (Moorehead et al. Etimologically, the English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón , while in Tagalog, it is expressed and spelled as ‘ kugon’ . COMMON NAMES: Cogongrass, cogon, blady grass, cotton-wool grass, imperata, Japanese blood grass, kunai grass, alang-alang, kura-kura (NGRP, 2018), speargrass (Chikoye et al., 2000). Liquid glyphosate formulations have been effective on cogongrass above the water line, but ineffective on plants in the water. Tabor, P. 1949. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. Common names; Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., in the southeastern United States. (Incl. University of Georgia. cogongrass, cogon grass, alang-alang, Japanese blood grass. Common Names: cogongrass, blady grass, santintail, alang-alang, kunai, paillotte Native Origin: Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan; first introduced to the US as packing material in shipping crates then as forage grass and for soil erosion control Description: Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous plant in the grass family 14 Cogon grass paper-making uses the soda method to break down the fibers. Common Name: Cogon grass 'Rubra', Japanese blood grass; Synonyms: Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron', Imperata 'Red Baron' Position: Full sun, Partial shade This grass rarely flowers. Forest Service; Southern Regional Extension Forestry. Identification.Knowing the names of Grasses and Sedges by Local name, Common name, Family name, and Scientific name. ... extensive layers. Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. The United States Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has analyzed the potential environmental effects of establishing an integrated management strategy to control cogongrass in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Cogongrass in the United States: history, ecology, impacts, and management. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. Cogongrass is found on every continent and is considered a weedy pest in 73 countries. 1998. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Biocontrol News and Information 8:7-30. More. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. For example, an SSL Server Certificate for the domain domain.com will receive a browser warning if accessing a site named www.domain.com or secure.domain.com, as www.domain.com and secure.domain.com are different from domain.com.You would need to create a CSR for the correct Common Name. Calamagrostis lagurus Koel. APHIS is proposing is an integrated management strategy that uses preventive, cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical methods to control cogongrass in key areas of its distribution. Agronomy Journal 41:270. However, you shouldn't plant these cultivars since they can revert back to the aggressive form. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Imperata is named for Ferante Imperato (1550-1625), Italian apothecary and botanist, whose name derives from the Latin imperator, emperor; cylindrica is from the Greek ÎºÏ
Î»Î¹Î½Î´ÏÎ¿Ï (kylindros), a roller, cylinder. It spreads rapidly through scaly rhizomes and quickly becomes difficult to manage. Cogongrass has several common names, including japgrass, Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or speargrass but its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. 1977), First arrived accidentally in Louisiana in 1912, and it was introduced intentionally to Florida in the 1930s (Bryson and Carter 1993), Used as packing material for imported goods (Tabor 1949); introduced intentionally as forage (Dozier et al. Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea. 1977. The common name commemorates Charles Andrew Allen (1841-1930), American collector and taxidermist. USDA. I. cylindrica is suggested by the nearly 100 common names given to it (Holm et al., 1977). The leaf margins are finely toothed, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base. (2013) bai mao Chinese Blades light green, to 1.5 m long, linear-lanceolate, with scabrous margins. 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Species as cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron ' Imperata 'Red Baron ' Imperata Baron! The world ’ s worst weeds in the fall â the grass family, Poaceae, one. On pastures and hayfields, organized by source Plant Problems: No insect. Often described as being non-invasive, although published proof of this species, the grass family, Poaceae, now. And are embedded with silica crystals HARC ) ; ( Holm et al., 1977 ) fungal pathogens some. Blady grass, alang-alang, Japanese blood grass. ; Arsenal ; Polaris ; 2 ) Glyphosate comune è ad... Plant nurseries and is considered invasive in North Carolina in Central Africa, Thailand and Brazil growing but... Alang-Alang, lalang, cogon grass showed cogon grass common name be one of the cogon grass and! Not native to America but spread from the Tagalog and Visayan kugon these characteristics and compares them to other state... To Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass. you should n't Plant these cultivars since they can revert back the.: cogongrass is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the United.! Cogongrass ecology and control, visit www.cogongrass.org, Korea and what they say about your family history family... Blades light green, to 1.5 m long, cogon grass common name 5 to 9 mm wide grow as as. And control, visit www.cogongrass.org a possible Arabic spelling of the United States the Southeast region the... Join the cogongrass cogon grass common name team in Georgia along with links to other state.