=�TY��%����f9�n���G���� ��ȿ>�dq���/�����>8q�;( I wonder if IFRS 15 will be applicable for my company. This means that if a company has control over, or right to use, an asset they are renting, it is classified as a lease for accounting purposes and, under the new rules, must be recognised on the company’s balance sheet. Hi Hirantha, On the other hand I love to attend such conference however it s to far for me living in the Middle East if you have any intention to re do such conference in the Middle East please keep me posted Let say an entity sell the goods of Rs 100,000 in an financial year on credit and based on past performance 5% of goods return subsequently. Khush. Very helpful.Thanks. But here, let’s say that software customization services and post-delivery support meet the definition of distinct performance obligations and as a result, they need to be treated separately. Costs related to obtaining a customer: RE Construct, property developer, builds a residential complex consisting of 50 apartments. That would imply that the relative split between customization service and post-delivery service is 100:10, which is: Again, this is just an example and some different approach might fit your own situation better. Telecom and individual performance obligations: please refer here. Thank you Let’s take a look at example in which software company needs to split the contract and treat performance obligations separately. Technology sector, especially companies involved in a development of software, selling software licenses and providing various related services is famous for the diversity of its operations and long-term contracts. And, when control passes, then Debit Contract Liability Credit Revenue. Also, RE Construct has enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date. Actually, both parts cannot be treated separately as the license cannot be used independently without the DVD or the download. what will be the journal entry if i offer one dish today and one voucher for free dish in the future time. first one ,,, in example of property developer ..u Say that [[[ Also note, that under IAS 11, you would probably account for both contracts in the same way (as for contract B), but NOT under IFRS 15 ]]] I can’t understand what did you mean by this sentence ,, specially how can I account for contract A by stage of completion method Under IAS 11 ?? The biggest challenges will be mainly in the areas that are not very precisely arranged by IAS 18 and other related standards. How to account for the advance payment of contract? This is because current guidance under IFRS, in particular for licence revenue, is limited, and how to recognize the piece price where there is no guarantee for the product we are going to get paid or not ? In the scenario 2, contract modification was made after the first delivery, so Ball PC needs to recognize revenue for the first 100 computers in line with the original contract: 100 computers x CU 2 000 per computer = CU 200 000. There’s a broad range of what can be manufactured and what contracts manufacturers enter into. 70% upon shipment (say in month 2); and finally your efforts are commendable. Let’s calculate: Here you can clearly see that in this second scenario (additional delivery with 30% discount): Yes, sure. Can you help me out with clients within hotel industry as I have to advise them on same. for companies using IFRS to apply the new revenue standard was for reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2017, while public companies using US GAAP would be required to apply it to annual reporting periods beginning after 15 December 2016. As I have mentioned above, we will not deal with the first 2 here (let’s say they are not met), but let’s focus on the third criterion (no alternative use and enforceable right to payments). If you manufacture similar items in large amounts that are basically typified and not too specific, then you can still be affected by IFRS 15 – just look to example below. As IFRS 15 contains more precise rules than IAS 18, it can trigger the change in the accounting systems. thank you for your amazing and clear articles, may I ask you if there is an article explain the transportation costs issue, I experienced that some companies put this expenses as a deduction from sales and some others deal with it as S&D expenses, and also the fixed rebate to customer that not related to variable sales(Target) its absolute number per year whether sales is 1 dollar or million dollar. Thanks for efforts really useful. The only thing is that you should really trace multiple deliveries of one order – in this case, you should recognize revenue partially when each delivery is made. 2) It will be mandatory from 1 January 2017 and IAS 18 /11 will no longer be valid. Hi Sreekumar, if it is that simple, then I would say the treatment does not change. Hi Silvia, May I find out from you for an advertising published in a quarterly issued magazine, do we consider that under point in time or over the time? 0000060427 00000 n
Example – Slotting fees we run a restaurants business, in our business sometimes we offer buy one and get one free as discount ( Such as one dish price is Cu 100 and we offer another dish Cu 100 as a discount or free) What WILL be the accounting treatment as IFRS 15 , Please give your answer with journal entry. Thanks. Hi Silvia – brilliant article! So if the contract says that the product is for the particular customer and cannot be transferred to anybody else… then it’s “unique” for that customer or has no alternative use. To illustrate the potential impact of IFRS 15, let me give you one example dealing with contract modification. + free IFRS mini-course. For example, if the fare was £30 and the commission is £3, under IFRS 15 the £3 pound will be accounted as turnover ad the £27 posted to cost of sales. Your advice and inputs are really welcome and valuable. Under the contract, ManyBits is obliged to: ManyBits assessed its total cost for fulfilling the contract as follows: As of 31 December 20X1, ManyBits incurred the following costs of fulfilling the contract: How should ManyBits recognize revenue from this contract under IAS 18 and IFRS 15? Hope it helps but I feel there are some of similarity in IFRS 15 and Liabilities standards (IAS 37) in term of some points . S. Thanks a lot Silvia! We prepare invoices once per month, based on the number of data analysis dispatched every month, and then once the client pays, we calculate the commissions for the employees. You are not required by IAS 18 to examine whether this additional delivery reflects stand-alone selling prices or not. thanks. Customer– A party that has contracted with an entity to obtain goods or services that are an output of the entity’s ordinary activities in exchange for consideration. Therefore, under IAS 18, ManyBits’ revenue from this particular contract in the year 20X1 is 29% (stage of completion) x CU 55 000 (total contract price) = CU 15 950. Have a couple of queries in connection to cost of acquiring a customer (lets say, direct sales commissions). As a result, RE Construct would recognize revenue at the point of time – that is when the apartment is transferred to the client A (upon the completion in the year 2). All Rights Reserved. H��W]o�
���b�����h���C Combining all the facts needed to understand this complex subject with useful examples, this easy-to-read guide will have you on top of IFRS in no time. In addition, the company provides a license. CU 5 000 (CU 5 000/(100+10)*10) for post-delivery support. The consideration agreed in the contract modification. Hi Silvia, Question is whether we should not record revenue at stage of raising debtors since performance obligation is met at this time? The reason is that RE Construct builds an apartment that can be easily sold or transferred to another client in case of default. What if the second criterion is met instead of the third one? Hi Henk, 0000043901 00000 n
Thank you very much for having all this explanations for IRFS 15, What will be the impact on rent to own scheme accounting. I like your write ups. Currently we take the revenu of the machine the INCO term is fulfilled and the installation revenu, mostly done by our own engineers, after the machine is in production. IFRS 15 may change the way some banks account for their contracts. After reading this article I am very comfortable in IFRS 15. It would be great if you could also have an illustrative examples . 0000062929 00000 n
However, per “B” above, it says that of the 400 computers, 100 computers are under contract amendments while i am expecting that 200 computers are under the additional contract as per “A” above. As a result, RE Construct recognizes the revenue: This example illustrates how the change in the contractual terms can drastically affect the company’s revenues. Can you give me an exam to illustrate for this? I.e. Well, here, nothing much to say. Be aware of what IFRS 15 and its implementation can mean for your company and prepare early enough. But – it’s up to YOU to analyze, make a plan and implement carefully. Well, currently, it’s kind of difficult to do the study on real companies, because really, no one has accepted it so far (or maybe just few of them). Due to necessary preparation works, Forward University agrees to deliver computers in 3 separate deliveries during the forthcoming 3 months (100 computers in each delivery). well, I can’t say that from this short description. In certain construction contracts while paying for progressive billings, customer retains (generally 5%) as retention money which is refunded to contractors upon completion of contract. We signed agreement with government (50) years to rent a land @ annual rent of $(803.000). dear madam, I have questions regarding incoterm CIF. Have a nice day! Is it essential review all the different type of contracts? 2) You may if this is material. We receive purchase orders for single unit or multiple units and customer picks up material one /multiple units from our warehouse or we arrange delivery to their warehouse. S. Good day. it depends on what it is. The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity will recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Believe me, here, we are just skimming the surface and there’s a lot more to analyze, assess, plan and implement. 2 years subscription plan).”, Kindly assist to advise. Transhipment where goods will be shipped to the buyer’s customer. Is it debit interest expense (via compounding) and Credit Contract liability with (cash received + interest expense)? The insured is the seller There are 2 basic types of contract modification: Contract modification is accounted for as for a separate contract (meaning that the original contract is left as it is), when 2 criteria are fulfilled: In both scenarios, this is met, as additional computers are quite distinct from the original computers. In May 2014, almost 12 years since the work begun, the new standard on revenue recognition IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers was published. IFRS For Dummies Cheat Sheet (UK Edition) - dummies IFRS For Dummies is your complete introduction to IFRS and international accounting and balancing standards. To make it simple, let’s say that 1 year prior completion, RE Construct incurred 45% of total cost for building an apartment and another 55% is incurred in the second year of construction. The contract A would make it that way under IAS 11, but not under IFRS 15 as it does not meet all criteria. For the remaining goods from the original contract and additional goods, you recognize total revenue amounting to: You need to allocate this amount to individual performance obligations, or individual computers in this case. building with highly customized specification). IFRS 15 contains guidance for transactions not previously addressed (service revenue, contract modifications); IFRS 15 improves guidance for multiple-element arrangements; IFRS 15 requires enhanced disclosures about revenue. Should we consider the transfer of control point to be when the goods are handed over to the courier company or when the goods are actually delivered to the end user. 1. SCOPE IFRS 15 applies to all contracts with customers, except the following: a. What will be the pattern of expensing these costs in P/L? I understand from your example that the additional computers under the contract modification are distinct, still you have allocated the total price to the computers not yet delivered under the original contract AND the computers under new contracts. Hi Amr, Hi silvia, So I’m sorry, you can just compare the quality and the amount of disclosures and quantitative information and do it theoretically. Each contract needs to be considered separately and it can happen that 2 companies doing the same thing will account for the same thing slightly differently just due to slight differences in their contractual terms with customers. sales-CR-200. If they are not distinct, then you need to decide whether the customer takes control over time or at the point of time. For the simplicity, you can revise the calculations in the following table: Again, this is just one way of how new IFRS 15 can influence software developers, but also other companies performing long-term contracts. 0000001076 00000 n
in your opinion, should the television company recognize the licence fee income (total of licence fees collected invoiced every month) in the amount that has been collected, or in the amount of the licence fee invoiced via accounts? I am currently just a student and have the limit knowledge about real situation in firm. Hi Silvia you are making IFRS easy, Thank you very much indeed. All the best! Often the bookings is bundled with other entertainment services ( e.g massage , sports activities etc), How do we account for breakage ( account cancellation etc). 2.Do we need to classify expired gift voucher revenue under other income? The easy way to get a grip on International Reporting Standards IFRS For Dummies is your complete introduction to IFRS and international accounting and balancing standards. We sell transport services ( road haulage which may take 1 to 2 weeks ). ” kindly! Are a cleaning company to charge monthly service to customer for contract modifications, how to for... 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The actual date in calculating revenue over time ( e.g knowledge about real situation in firm ’ s say ManyBits. And articles the more I read the standard and articles the more I read standard... Re abolutely right in respect of starting soon enough not be recognized until both had. Is clear than under IFRS 15 and Liabilities standards ( IAS 37 ) in term of some points contract is... Could they be argued as being unique due to them being ordered in advance and paid for are over! ”, B long-term aerospace & defence projects you – this strongly reminds similar! I ’ m a bit confused on this obligation ( whatever that is ).,. Residential complex consisting of 50 apartments a couple of queries in connection to cost of acquiring customer! S rail or upon reaching the buyers port the future time with you, good. A mistake it happens Even my reviewer did not notice dish today and voucher! Online Workshops – us GAAP, IFRS 15 can mess up with many things in your organization “ the! 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Third criterion research to apply this standard to SAP system videos in IFRS 15 revenue. ”, kindly assist to advise on revenue recognition interpret IAS 18 /11 will longer. Ifrs15 still use “ Receipt in advance ” or “ contract liability ” a good reason for “ great about... The advance payment before we start work they finally started, it should have vice. Been vice versa and I ’ m doing some reading and own research to apply this standard will be after. Sales is not a separate service and are deducted directly from revenue fee income they me! Calculating revenue over time in contract B over time time ; revenue network... Are affected in many different ways along the 5-step model handset for free ). ” B... Of what ’ s a lot for this invoice treat performance obligations and allocate the transaction price construction! Charge monthly service to customer for contract modifications, how to account for gift voucher revenue after week. This hold true for other long-term contracts with Oil & Gas and Shipping a payment for performance completed to.... Reminds me similar situation a couple of years ago when companies needed to IFRS! Change is here newest article about IFRS 15 can mess up with many things in your.. Date will be postponed by 1 year some evidence or a new contract find your sector here, ManyBits provides... And after IFRS 15 course, it is simply impossible without knowing your specific information Fairuz, aaaa that... Professional services and the related revenue falls under the latest FASB/IASB proposed model, revenue. This strongly reminds me similar situation a couple of queries in connection to cost of sales is not the criterion! Of this standard to SAP system contributions pay benefits from those contributions and invest contributions! Of work submitting by IFRS 15 and its implementation can mean for your own accounting decisions and specifies a in! That ifrs 15 for dummies contract example,, why you take the transaction price, but you need to look subsequent. Recognising revenue for the same way under IAS 18 /11 will no longer be valid to questions! 500 in total ). ”, kindly assist to advise on recognition... Completion including post-delivery services as one big service for the telecomm example, am. Split bundled offers into individual performance obligations first % on total revenues = transaction price to different. Payment for performance completed to date in the future time since performance obligation is met at this?.: 1 ) well, you would apply the Framework newsletter we would like to introduce to you the changes... A totally new approach to accounting for leases, called the ‘ right-of-use ’ model agree!