Alamo switchgrass, Bermuda grass and bahia grass are all types of warm season pasture grasses. and pasture. The inflorescence is a contracted panicle, ¾ to 1¼ inches long and has 4 to 10 large, pale spikelets. The lemma awn is 3/4to 11/4 inches long. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. The long, slender blades have hairs at the throat. (Bouteloua hirsuta) This tufted, erect bunchgrass grows 6 to 30 inches tall, It has hairy glumes with black awns. It grows on upland, sandy soils and invades all overgrazed sites in areas 1 through 10. The twice compounded leaves have eight to 16 divisions with each having 10 to 20 pairs of small, sensitive leaflets. (Leptoloma cognatum) This bunchgrass grows 12 to 30 inches tall with freely branching stems and felty pubsecence below. This forb grows in areas 2 and 4 through 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. This perennial, cool and warm native grows in areas 5 and 7 through 10 and provides fair grazing for wildlife; poor grazing for livestock. Internodes are flattened and the ligule is a conspicuous ring of white hairs. Leaves are thick, hairy or bristly and graygreen in color, Seed are borne along a central stem 2 to 6 inches long at the apex of the plant. The 2 to 4 rooster comb-like spikes have a stinger. A growth shaped like a fist and thumb and covered with soft hairs grows at the base of each leaf branch. Leaves are short and crowded at the base and often are wavy or curling when mature. This low maintenance groundcover is perfect for livestock grazing and can be used for pasture, hay or silage. Leaves have smooth margins and are long and narrow, tapering to the end. This annual, cool introduced legume grows in areas 1 through 5, 7 and 8 and provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. It often has a sour odor and grows on prairies, especially along ditches in areas 2 through 10. The flowers are inconspicuous. Stems have a feel similar to a lead pencil at the base. Leaf blades usually roll inward. Double Barrel Brome Grass and Double Barrel Orchardgrass - Both are cool-season grasses suitable for making hay. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. As their name implies, they like warm weather. This troublesome pest can grow on all sites in areas 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 and 10. (Melilotus alba) This erect plant branches at the base with stems 24 to 96 inches tall and free of hairs. Seed stores and garden centers typically carry only a few varieties of each species from a single supplier. (Scleropogon brevifolius) This 6- to 12inch sodgrass grows from fuzzy, scaly rhizomes, but also with stolons that take root at nodes. (Asclepias latifolia) This plant has stout, simple stems 6 to 24 inches tall with four or more pairs of large, thick leaves more than 1½ times as long as wide. (Digitaria californica) This bunchgrass grows 12 to 48 inches tall, with hard, round stems growing from a knotty, swollen, felty, hairy base. Spikes are purplish to pale when ripe. The inflorescence is erect or drooping, flat and green, but turns straw yellow when ripe and dry, Spikelets are overlapping, forming v’s with short or no awn. It is seeded in areas 5 through 8. The apex end is blunt or rounded. This perennial, warm native provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. Culms are knee-like at the base; nodes usually are dark and swollen. This perennial, warm native provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. Forage types and definitions. The fruit is black, mealy and stone-like, about the size of a pea, Sharp, straight thorns are numerous along the stems. This perennial, warm native provides poor grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. (Schedonnardus paniculatus) This low, tufted bunchgrass grows 8 to 25 inches talI with overlapping, flattened sheaths and spirally twisted blades with white margins. It grows from seed in winter, providing early forage. It grows on upland hills and plains in areas 4 through 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. Seed clusters are chaffy, becoming pointed and bristly with maturity. Grasses also limit weed growth, can help pastures survive winters and provide good yields. Not all turfgrass varieties mentioned with each grass type (species) may be available in Texas. To still have a lawn in winter, Southerners will sometimes As their name implies, they like warm weather. (Paspalum lividum) This tall, sod-forming grass grows 20 to 40 inches tall with smooth stems growing from a creeping base, The leaf blades are about 3 inches long and up to 1/4inch wide. (Eragrostis curvula) This erect bunchgrass grows 24 to 48 inches tall with an erect seed stalk and narrow, drooping, coarse blades. It is an invading plant that grows in areas 1 through 10 and is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. Have bluish blades up to 10 inches long and has twisted leaves fall off after... Fluffy ball with many spikes ( 20 to 50 ) twisting around the... 1- to 5-inch long panicle usually is erect, but can be.. This palatable forb grows in areas 2, 3 and provides poor grazing for livestock season... Or fall-saved pasture for deferred grazing elongated and tapering types have been developed in particular regions stems 6 to stout! - lishment Seeding Rate PLS * lb/ac Seeds/sq grows most abundantly in bottomland pastures livestock... 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