We've released a 2-hour video course to teach the basics of computer science. Also, data is safe from normal wear and tear associated with paper. March 10, 2019 it guide lk 4 Comments. Posts about introduction to computer basics written by it guide lk. Num Lock – For turning on and off the numeric keypad. However, any introductory course in the use of micro-computers is likely to have covered this material already. What’s a CPU? With increasing digitization, knowing how to operate computers has almost become a basic … We have included this unit to help those who are teaching students with no computer background. To highlight by clicking, holding down the left button and then dragging on the text you want to select. Once you power on your computer, you should be able to see some text and graphics appearing on your screen. Memory − All input data, instructions and data interim to the processes are stored in the memory. Introduction to programming Computer programming is the process of designing and writing computer programs. 1. I like that you include info about starting the computer. Control unit, arithmetic logic unit and memory are together called the central processing unit or CPU. Remember to check the others too. Booting is the process by which the computer loads the system files into the main memory in readiness for use. Now that we know the characteristics of computers, we can see the advantages that computers offer−. Scroll buttonIt is usually situated between the right and left buttons. The computer revolution of the last two decades has transformed lives the world over. Computer software, or simply software, also known as computer programs, is the non-tangible component of computers. josiejossy from Nairobi Kenya on May 02, 2012: Great hub, very informative, thanx for sharing, voted up. computer. Double click – clicking twice on the mouse left button. The keys should mostly mimic a traditional typewriter. Tag Archives: introduction to computer basics pdf. The next step in cold booting is loading of BIOS. Introduction to Computer Computer A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory that can accept data (input), process the data according to specified rules, produce information (output), and store the information for future use1. The CPU or central processing unit is located on the motherboard and is the part of the computer where all that input/output informa… It contains:-. Booting takes place in two steps −. Tell students that Computer Basics is a two to four hour course designed to familiarize students new to computers with basic computer terminology, hardware, software, input (mouse and keyboard) and output (document) devices, as well as the Microsoft Windows file structure. Learn to use a computer with ease. Basic Computer Components Computers come in different shapes and sizes. These programs enable computers to perform an extremely wide range of tasks. The Mouse This is the other way to interact with your computer. Shift key (Shifts from uppercase characters to the lower case and vice versa and helps us to type the characters on top of any key with two sets of characters.). Data is a collection of unorganized facts & figures and does not provide any further information regarding patterns, context, etc. So many people seem to think most people already know about how to use computers or what the different parts of a computer are for, and yet there are also so many out there who are still scared of using computers because they don't understand them, or fear that they won't understand them so they don't even try to understand them. To understand why computers are such an important part of our lives, let us look at some of its characteristics −. A computer … Raw facts and figures which can be processed using arithmetic and logical operations to obtain information are called data. Numeric/Punctuation Keys - These are the series of keys on top of the alphabetical keys. Being a modern-day kid you must have used, seen, or read about computers. They are used widely in the research, business, education, … I. !H- 2 Course adapted from National Institute on Aging (2007) Helping Older Adults … As a skill set, it includes a wide variety of different tasks and techniques, but our tutorials are not intended to teach you everything. Voting up and sharing. Computer software contrasts with computer hardware, which is the physical component of computers. Glad that you enjoyed reading the hub. Course Introduction. This course is adapted to your level as well as all computer basic pdf courses to better enrich your knowledge.. All you need to do is download the training document, open it and start learning computer basic … Frank Fiamor, This is a very insightful literature on the introduction to computers.Thank you. However, modern computers can do a lot more than calculate. However, there are several parts on a computer that are universal to all computers. Alternate key – (alt) Used to change the function of other pressed key and the results will vary depending on the program. The processes that can be applied to data are of two types −. The keyboard as an input device contains a number of keys that are pressed in order to enter the desired data into the computer. 5. to kno w some basic things about the computer an d the world. Let us start with defining the term computer formally. Input consists of anything you will add into the computer (microphone, keyboard, mouse, scanner), and output is how the computer gives back to you (think screen, speakers, etc.). Backspace - For deleting (erasing) characters to the left of the cursor. Title. * The asterisk - Used for multiplication. Output Unit − Devices like printer and visual display unit that are used to provide information to the user in desired format are called output unit. Reliability − Computers can carry out same type of work repeatedly without throwing up errors due to tiredness or boredom, which are very common among humans. Windows logo key - once pressed it brings out the start menu. Computer devices like keyboard, mouse, printer, etc. Mice are used as pointer devices to navigate through a computer. There are many core concepts that are important for all programmers to understand, no matter what programming language they use. Versatility − Computers can carry out a wide range of work from data entry and ticket booking to complex mathematical calculations and continuous astronomical observations. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to accept data (input), process it into useful information (output), and store it away (in a secondary storage device) for safekeeping or later reuse. Introduction To Computers: Hardware and Software In this section of notes you will learn about the basic parts of a computer and how they work. Yet computers are so useful especially for those trying to earn an extra income or trying to work from home. They only understand combinations of on/oﬀ electrical signals. My aim is to help others to learn about computers so that they can utilize them to the maximum. Output Unit − Devices like printer and visual display unit that are used to provide information to the user in desired format are called … Digital Computers – They are specifically designed to work on digital data using the binary numbering system which uses two numbers, 0 and 1 (binary Zero and One). paper) 1. It’s … Storage Capacity − Computers can store a very large amount of data at a fraction of cost of traditional storage of files. Right Mouse Buttona) Get information from the computer (retrieving)b) Creating shortcuts to / moving items. PLAY. The most common types of mice have got three buttons. An electronic device that stores, retrieves, and processes data, and can be programmed with instructions.A computer is composed of hardware and software, and can exist in a variety of sizes and configurations. Computers have no intelligence; they follow the instructions blindly without considering the outcome. You don't need anything except a computer … The processing of input to output is directed by the software but performed by the hardware. It has increased productivity in industries as diverse as deep sea drilling and fashion design, drastically improved communication globally and made the world’s information available at your fingertips. I also did my computer basics like 7 years ago, I am glad that now I am earning online. Well done. Input device. Memory is of two types – primary memory and secondary memory. This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Two types of memory are used by the computer, one for storing data permanently and second for operating. Dragging – clicking and holding on the mouse button. Page down - for navigating through pages that are down the current page. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. ____ 1 Learn basic computer terms ____ 2 Learn about folders, menus and windows ____ 3 Practice using the mouse Lesson 1 Handouts - Computer Basics: A Computer Internet Course for Older Adults Module 1 - Handouts: Computer Basics! Simple terms, it performs a special operation help you enter raw data into your computer all! 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