1991 The Internet arrives with a whimper. 1971 First email program is developed by Ray Tomlinson. There are, however, tools and practices that massively augment the potential for successfully constructing an innovation capability. Skroupa: As an innovation specialist, how have you seen the capacity for innovation in a company’s internal and external operational strategy shift going into the 21st century? 2005 Youtube applies video to the social media concept. Bakelite was the first industrial thermoset plastic (a material that does not change its shape after being mixed and heated). On his “Inclined elevator,” passengers rode on an wedge-shaped supports attached to a conveyor belt at an incline of about 25 degrees. For a full bio, please see McKinsey’s website. Intended operationally in the sense of what job it is that the customer hires our goods and services to accomplish and also what do we stand for, what values bind us? Tomlinson was a pioneering American computer programmer who implemented the first email program on the ARPANET system, the precursor to the Internet. On December 17, 1903, the “Flyer” flew for 12 seconds and for a distance of 120 feet (37 m). We have had almost a hundred years of management science spurred by that phenomenon, under-recognized as an innovation, the professional corporate manager, and we thought we knew how the good got great, about winning and quality about sizing, sourcing and optimization, execution and efficiencies. This reservoir would hold enough ink for a few pages of writing. At that time, Geiger was an assistant to the British physicist Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937). 1857 Joseph Gayetty invented toilet paper. 1962 Fibre optic cable developed for use in telecommunications. 2015 Reuseable space rockets featuring onboard software which allows them to use flaps and thrusters which slow their rockets and allow them to be manipulated precisely as they return toward Earth. I think we can confidently assume that investors will choose organizations intent not on replicating yesterday’s success but demonstrably equipped and committed to creating tomorrow’s success today. Although other mobile phone manufacturers (such as Nokia & Sony) had smartphones on the market long before Apple, none had captured what users really wanted until the Iphone came along. His first version of the Web was a program named “Enquire,” short for “Enquire Within Upon Everything”. 1895 X-rays are discovered by Wilhelm Konrad von Roentgen (1845-1923). It could also notify your dentist, adding an extra layer of social pressure to make an appointment! Imprint Energy overcame the limitations of available battery technologies by using a zinc-polymer battery, enabling a new generation of power units that could be used in medical devices, wearable sensors and on-body electronics. 1952 The computer compiler is developed by Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper (1906 – 1992) – a US naval officer and mathematician. Judson died in 1909, before his device became commonly used and well-known. Download the eBook Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability: The Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century - Ricardo Ernst in PDF or EPUB format and read it directly on your mobile phone, computer or any device. 1950 Micro surgery is developed for inner ear operations. The barriers at work tend to be contextual. For poorer families, ensuring their children attended school proved difficult, as it was more tempting to send them working if the opportunity to earn an extra income was available. The dry cell battery was developed by Georges Leclanche of France, who used an electrolyte in the form of a paste. And it wasn’t until the late ’90s that the Air Force began working on the technical aspects of arming unmanned aircraft with missiles. 1976 Lithium batteries are developed. Vacuum tubes strengthened weak audio signals and allowed these signals to be superimposed on radio waves. There was no way of spacing the letters, no carriage return, and no shift keys; these features would be added to later models. We have had almost a hundred years of management science spurred by that phenomenon, under-recognized as an innovation, the professional corporate manager, and we thought we knew how the good got great, about winning and quality about sizing, sourcing and optimization, execution and efficiencies. Like many other creations, this one was also a result of many brilliant and inquisitive minds. Think of all the things in our day to day that use an electric motor – hairdryers, food mixers, electric shavers, & the myriad industrial machines – winches, cranes, conveyor belts, etc & you start to get some idea as to the impact of this one invention! The momentum will continue. The first PCs came as kits – The MITS Altair 8800, followed by the IMSAI 8080, (an Altair clone). 2015 Artificial pancreas – an insulin pump that automatically adjusts the delivery of insulin based on its sensor, which measures blood-sugar levels every five minutes. If you would prefer to work to live, rather than living to work & you are realising that life shouldn't be about working just to pay bills - then you should consider the Digital Nomad option. The platform facilitates the phrase “News travels fast” with members able to send messages to a global audience in seconds – at zero cost. Walter Alcock (of Great Britain) later developed toilet paper on a roll (instead of in flat sheets). We're not only working in offices, but trains, airport lounges, serviced offices, client sites and of course our homes. 1996 ‘Dolly’ the sheep is born in Scotland. 1962 The Compact Cassette is introduced to the world by Philips. 1990 Hubble space telescope launched, allowing scientists to see our universe in far more detail (without the barrier of the Earth’s atmosphere to look through). The concepts that seeded nanotechnology were first discussed in 1959 by renowned physicist Richard Feynman in his talk, “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom”, in which he described the possibility of synthesis via direct manipulation of atoms. 1908 The Geiger counter (sometimes called the Geiger-Muller counter) arrives. Compared with the Industrial Revolution, we estimate that this change is happening ten times faster and at 300 times the scale, or roughly 3,000 times the impact. Alongside where we work, the rigidity of physical space in the office is becoming an issue. Dennis is a “Digital Nomad” with an MBA in Marketing Management & has been involved in the online environment for over 15 years. Could you describe the latest trends in 21st century innovation, from your perspective, and the impact they may have on the modern company? Growth of the internet was (and still is) phenomenal, and has changed the world, making information more accessible than ever before in the history of mankind. Both globalization and competitiveness are governed essentially by market forces that force the introduction of significant … However, in 1859, the French physicist Gaston Plante (1834-1889) invented a battery made from two lead plates joined by a wire and immersed in a sulfuric acid electrolyte; this was the first storage battery. Our challenge now is to extend these sorts of results to the poorest countries in the world, where basic education is most likely to be a binding constraint for development. 1954 Solar power becomes a reality thanks to Gerald Pearson with his research into lithium-silicon photovoltaic cells. Scientists at Princeton and Tufts are working on a superthin tooth sensor (a kind of temporary tattoo) that sends an alert when it detects bacteria associated with plaque buildup, cavities or infection. 1980 The Sony Walkman is released. 1975 Cesar Milstein and co-workers develop monoclonal antibodies, the ‘magic bullets’ that can seek out specific antigens and therefore disease-causing organisms. RFID stands for Radio-Frequency IDentification. While the Nicolet Corporation’s hearing aid was not publicly successful and the company shortly folded, it was able to start a competition between companies to create more effective hearing aids. Most notably headsets. 2009 Twitter revolutionises the social media space with its 160 character messaging platform. 1899 The paper clip was invented in 1899 by a Norwegian patent clerk called Johann Vaaler. ), I applaud the elevation in recent decades of investor and stakeholder regard for ESG. It often still does despite the evaporation and decline over the last 16 years of a vast number of previously gargantuan organizations. He was a Swedish inventor and industrialist who invented many powerful and relatively safe explosives and explosive devices, including the “Nobel patent detonator” (it detonated nitroglycerin using a strong electrical shock instead of heat, 1863), dynamite (1867), blasting gelatin (guncotton plus nitroglycerin, 1875), and almost smokeless blasting powder (1887). There is an unconfirmed story that Hopper determined that an error in the early Mark II computer was caused by a moth that was trapped in it; she then coined the term “Computer bug.”. In 1955, after many trials of the new vaccine, the vaccine was made public, and put an end to the polio epidemic. At first, the Android team wanted to implement the system into digital camera devices, creating cameras which could access computer services. Originally developed by the Department of Defense to aid the military, the satellite-based system provides location and time data to users. Myriad approaches to innovation exist. 1879 The first viable lightbulb is developed by Thomas Edison, who discovered that a carbon filament in an oxygen-free bulb glowed but did not burn up for 40 hours. Its main feature was that the film used by the camera was in a cartridge that simply clicked into place. TIMELINE OF DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY. The investment community generally accepts that ESG factors do not conflict with superior returns; indeed evidence exists of a curvilinear relationship between social responsibility and financial performance. Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability: The Three Disruptive Forces of Business in the 21st Century eBook: Ricardo Ernst, Jerry Haar, Haar, Jerry: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store That they can be refueled and flown many times, resulting in spaceflight being much less costly and may become far more accessible to human passengers. Waterman put an ink reservoir in the pen above the pen’s metal nib (point). 1852 The gyroscope is invented by Jean Bernard Léon Foucault (1819-1868), a French physicist. TIMELINE OF DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY, As the saying goes, “All good things must come, After four days in Vienna we are wondering if, Knowing that this was to be our last summer. The first radio transmission across an ocean (the Atlantic Ocean) occurred on December 12, 1901. Today our world is undergoing an even more dramatic transition due to the confluence of four fundamental disruptive forces—any of which would rank among the greatest changes the global economy has ever seen. The timeline of technological disruptions to society is huge! 1859 Storage battery – whilst Alessandro Volta (an Italian physicist) invented the first chemical battery in 1800, it’s commercial applications were limited due to cost & efficiency issues. 1985 Microsoft introduces its Windows OS in response to Apple’s Mac. The future holds all sorts of wonders for us – but it is likely to look nothing like what we may think as the next major innovations may well render useless all that have come before them! CSR and CSI will also evolve but I think that profit with purpose will prove to be a stronger and more resilient approach than isolated philanthropy. 1995 DVD (“digital versatile disc” or “digital video disc”) is a digital optical disc storage format invented and co-developed by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic. Christopher P. Skroupa is the founder and CEO of Skytop Strategies, a global organizer of conferences. (eg, inventions that lead to other inventions). Both globalization and competitiveness are governed essentially by market forces that force the introduction of significant … 1956 The video tape recorder (VTR) is invented. Global Powers in the 21st Century fills this gap, offering in-depth analyses of China, Japan, Russia, India, and the European Union in this new global context. 1994 Blogging surfaces for the first time. 1977 Apple introduces the Apple II, a colour computer with expansion slots and floppy drive support. Employers of these children who weren’t able to show this were penalised. Post-COVID-19: Do We Still Need To Be In The Room Where It Happens. 1986 Nanotechnology comes of age. Economic theories critical of ESG considerations have been soundly discredited in the last ten years by academic research and concerns about fiduciary duty conflicts robustly resolved. I stress purpose because that is what animates and engages us; it is the antidote to cynicism and complacency and it provokes a shift in emphasis from the mere, to the richer and more compelling notion of. A gyroscope is essentially a spinning wheel set in a movable frame. It has been a blessing for students and job seekers who move cities or countries for career prospects. Edison eventually produced a bulb that could glow for over 1500 hours. The dawn of the space age has arrived! 1958 Eight track tapes are created by RCA – although recording tape was invented in the 1930’s The main advantage of the RCA tape cartridge over reel-to-reel machines was convenience. My working definition of the modern company (putatively perplexing for some) is “a community of people united around a common purpose.” This perspective puts people first but not individualistically, rather in how they interact, collaborate and communicate in union as a community. Then came Myspace, followed in 2004 by Facebook. Technological developments and climate change have been two elemental forces that have taken the century with a storm. It wasn’t until 1997 that the term “weblog” was coined. No one and no corporation can opt out of changing the world. The German nuclear physicist Hans Wilhelm Geiger developed the device from 1908-12. 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